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Toilet Culture Newsletter December 2017


Domestic News 

·On December 20, Li Jinzao, Director of China National Tourism Administration visited Mentougou District of Beijing to investigate the toilet revolution. He said the action should focus on the difficult and pressing issues that people care most. The planning of public toilets shall be scientific, realistic to the local situation, reasonable and pragmatic instead of extravagance. Toilets shall be maintained consistently and contribute to the quality of life.

·National Health and Family Planning Commission said, by the end of 2016, the coverage of sanitary toilets in rural China is 80.3%, and reaches 90% in east China, though fecal pollution treatment rate is only 60.5%. The next goal is to cover 85% by the end of 2020 and cover the whole country with fecal pollution free sanitary toilets. 

·China Consumers Association and China Disabled Persons Federation investigated barrier-free facilities in 102 major cities of 31 provinces, municipal cities and autonomous regions from May to October. Barrier-free toilets got the lowest mark among all the items in this survey, at 66.7.

·By the end of 2017,  Kunming of Yunnan Province has built or refurbished 2714 public toilets, including 2060 urban toilets and 681 rural toilets. one can reach toilets within 15 minutes anywhere in urban Kunming of Yunan Province. and 2731 public toilets in the urban area are free. Kunming also put toilet management in the PPP project of sanitation system or outsource it to professionals to relieve the financial difficulties. More importantly, Kunming set up the service standard of toilet administration, introduced third-party audit to ensure the same quality of free toilets in management, facility and service quality. 

·Shanghai launched the 2nd Election for Most Beautiful Tourism Toilets in Shanghai in November. On December 15, 10 toilets had been selected by voters as 2017 top  tourism toilets in Shanghai.

·By the end of this year, Inner Mongolia has finished its plan of public toilets by triple despite the high altitude and coldness. The priority of the next three years is on tourism toilets in poverty-stricken counties.

·On December 12, Xiangtan city has finished building/renovating 482 public toilets in rural schools, and 107948 students can benefit from the water toilets.  Its 2018-2019 plan is to eliminate all the dry toilets in compulsory education schools.

·There is a man-made wetland in Wanfeng village in Taicang, Jiangsu, which can process 150 cubic meters of waste water every day. By the end of late November, 56 families of the village have been connected to the sewage and public toilets have been also built.

·On December 13, Beilin District of Xian held open toilet mobilization meeting of social sector. 33 star level hotels have signed to open toilets including Crown Plaza. The government will supervise to ensure the opening no less than 12 hours, at least same with operation hours.

·In middle December, the armies adjacent to the frontiers of Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang secured interior toilets in warm rooms and have been gradually eliminating dry toilets.

·Luoyang Evening News reporters visited participants of toilet revolution. The management calls for the public to use the toilet without waste and let the Gender Free Restroom be used by those in need

Policy | Beijing's Catering Industry Open Toilets in Exchange for Reduced Garbage Fee 

Beijing Municipal Bureau of City Administration launched the Toilet Revolution's Service Quality Improvement Implementation Plan (Draft) that said the city will organize the 5th Toilet Revolution to further improve service quality of public toilets during the 13th 5-year-plan. Odor free facilities will be the essential to public toilets and will be installed in newly built and refurbished toilets. By the end of 2020, all public toilets in the city will be covered. To solve the problem of no toilets in some areas, the Plan encourages the catering industry to open their toilets. If the restaurants along the streets open their toilets to allow others use, and can manage and maintain toilets properly, the restaurant will be partly or fully exempt from paying garbage fee.

Besides, Beijing will build some high-quality public toilets that integrating technology, basic public service and scenery. Each district will make 5-10 such toilets from next year to 2020. By the end of the 13th 5-year plan, majority of the public toilets will be fixed and affiliated toilets, supplemented by toilets from social sector, and mobile toilets as contingency. The environment for people to use toilet will be much better. The toilets below class III will be gone. Public toilets in the bungalow area, lanes and rural-urban fringe zone will be renovated to a new level, to be replaced by new type of smart, water-saving and energy-efficient, resource-recyclable. The functions of odor elimination, disability assistance will be realized basically. The catering industry open their toilets. Toilet service in transportation, tourism, gardens and railway system will be significantly elevated. 

Exchange | RCTC Team Investigate and Exchange Toilet Revolution in Kunming

On December 6 and 7, RCTC team of CGPI visited Kunming, and conduct studies in Longquan Street Office, Aziying Street Office, Songhua Street Office of Panlong District. In the discussion workshop of Kunming, Wang Zhenyao, Dean of CGPI, was moved by the reports from Municipal Agricultural Office, Panlong District, Kunming City Administration Bureau, Health Bureau, Tourism Bureau, and said Kunming has conducted the toilet revolution as a front-runner, and become even better than some developed coastal cities.

At the workshop, the two sides discussed the possible direction of "toilet revolution" cooperation in the future. Cai Desheng, Deputy Secretary-General of Kunming Municipal Committee, expressed his expectation and support for these cooperation directions. He hoped that the expert team of the Research Center for Toilet Culture will help Kunming promote the toilet revolution with innovative measures, strengthen the standardized construction of toilet construction and management, build a platform to introduce social resources to expand the toilet revolution effectiveness, and enhance the level of social participation in the construction of toilet culture for promoting the "toilet revolution" process in Kunming.

Action |  The First Fund of Toilet Revolution Founded in Shenzhen  

On December 1, on the opening ceremony of the 2017 EMP autumn class, China Global Philanthropy Institute, Shenzhen Philanthropic Toilet Revolution Fund was launched, first one of its kind in Shenzhen and China.

It was initiated by Qian Jun, Mr Toilet of China, student of EMP 1 and Lin Wei, student of EMP6. Research Center of Toilet Culture of CGPI will be in cooperation. It aims to promote toilet manners in Shenzhen and China, support and nurture the philanthropic actions on toilet revolution by social organizations.

In the Shenzhen radio show 'Bridge of Charity and People' on December 15, RCTC talked about the stories of toilet revolution in China with the fund and delegate from Shenzhen Trump Toilet Company, and call for promoting toilet revolution from the angle of toilet culture and education, especially about the health education of the next generation. 

Innovation |  Panda poop to be made into toilet paper

The China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda in Sichuan province will provide the droppings and leftover food-mainly bamboo-of its pandas to a papermaking company to make toilet paper and other paper products.

Under an agreement signed on December 18, the China Conservation and Research Center will provide droppings and leftover food of its pandas to a papermaking company Fengsheng Paper, who will produce panda paper out of the plant fibre after high-temperature.

The poop of panda is also called 'green mass'. 12-15 kilograms of bamboo is provided to each adult panda every day. As the nutrition of bamboo is not high, after a panda's digestive function, about 10 kilograms will pass through the body to become droppings that consist mainly of undigested bamboo. Pandas will only eat the best part, spitting out some after chewing, and as much as 50 kilograms of waste is produced by each bear. In the past the leftovers and panda poops will be cleaned and become mostly garbage, with only a small part getting composted. Now the company will collect the droppings and leftovers every 3-7 days to make paper, saving the center from the trouble of processing it.

Is it safe to use the napkin produced with panda droppings? The paper will undergo 60 steps in production process, such as washing, steaming, high-temperature disinfection by medical oxygen, and bacteria testing before it is off on the road. 'National Standard of Safety is Ensured', as the reporter found the words on the packaging of the napkin along with markings of US and EU food standards. As the process repeatedly disinfect the material with high temperature, more often than common napkins, the cost is relatively higher and sells at a higher price. It is supposed that eco-friendly people will be more likely to embrace the product. 

Event | Roca One Day Design Challenge Makes Public Space at Toilets A Better Place

On December 12, 2017, Roca, the European bathroom brand with a century of history, held its global One Day Design Challenge first time in Shanghai. The brainstorming of 8 hours required 310 contestants design a new water basin and tap for public toilets.

The first-place winner is from Lin Jingyu, Shi Yuchun, Li Jiahui of Shanghai Jiaotong University. The Blue Hope Coin Tap is a tap that needs to put in a one-yuan coin to last 45 seconds of water. If one spent time longer than that, the system will give alarm and ask for one more yuan to buy time for water. The money will be donated to charity to be used in water facilities in dry areas. At the same time, the streamlined water basin can be used by customers of various height and age group. The design is based on water saving and eco-friendly, can reduce the waste of water in public space and sustainable-minded, therefore the panel voted for it.

The contest, first held in Barcelona, targets young designers under 30 and students and help them develop in designing and architecture. Now it has been held successfully for 6 years in Barcelona, London, Lisben, Dubai, Russia and Hong Kong respectively, and become an important platform for young designers to show talents, and guide them to think about the design topics of public space. The 2018 Challenge will be held in Beijing.  

On December 20, Li Jinzao, Director of China National Tourism Administration visited Mentougou District of Beijing to investigate the toilet revolution. He said the action should focus on the difficult and pressing issues that people care most. The planning of public toilets shall be scientific, realistic to the local situation, reasonable and pragmatic instead of extravagance. Toilets shall be maintained consistently and contribute to the quality of life. 

Design | The Reversible Toilet on Baiyun Mountain

You must have seen reversible lanes in the city, but have you seen reversible toilets? In the scenery spot of Baiyun Mountain in Guangzhou, there is a reversible toilet. The wall between men's and women's restroom is not fixed, but on small wheels to be moved. The toilet warden moves the wall to adjust the ratio of men's and women's toilets according to the lines. The idea is from the administration of Baiyun Mountain. Chen Dingshun, deputy director of Mingchun Valley of Baiyun Mountain, said tourists men/women ratio differs on different days. The special design is to adapt to the change and shorten the waiting time by fully using resource. The experiment is successful with the tourist surge during Spring Festival and Double Ninth Festival.

Baiyun Mountain is a national 5A tourist spot, also called the city's lung of Guangzhou. Near the city center, the beautiful scenic spot is one of the favorites of locals and tourists from afar. It is full of visitors every weekend and the number hits new high on vacations. Guangzhou citizens have the tradition to climb mountains for blessings on the eve of Double Ninth Festival and this year the number reaches 255 000 during Double Ninth. The big number lifts the requirement of the designing and management of the toilets. During Toilet Revolution, the transformed toilet at the mountain top focused on designing. Besides making it part of the scenery, the internal design concentrate on pragmatism and user-friendliness. The first thing for a place to relieve is to be convenient.  


Event | The 2nd Toilet Innovation Contest for College Students Kicks Off


Hosted by University of Science and Technology Beijing, sponsored by Jomoo, supported by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundaiton, Patriotic Health Campaign Committee Office, UNICEF, Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, Chinese Society for Environmental Sciences, Kunshan Yuting Foundation, Shanghai Public Toilet Association, Tech Innovation League of Toilet Revolution, the 2nd Toilet Innovation Contest for College Students kicked off in November. The goal is to practice ecological development, inspire the students in innovation, transform and apply the results and develop the toilet revolution of less-developed regions.

The contest is held for college students (undergraduates, graduates and PhDs) of China between December 15, 2017 and December 15, 2018, about water-free or water-saving sanitary toilet system. There will be 2 first prizes, 5 second prizes, 10 third prizes and 20 excellence prizes. The outstanding plans, if applicable according to experts, will be built in certain rural schools as example project sponsored by Jomoo. After the review of the applications, the panel will release the winner plans to the public and publicize the good ones. Click below link to know more about contest enrollment.

Culture |  Diaper changing tables in men's bathrooms?  It's time to change.

Social media is currently blowing up with long overdue news out of New York City: the City Council just passed a bill that will require all new public bathrooms have changing tables —including the men's rooms. Clearly, people have strong feelings about it.  Why did it take someone until the end of 2017 to figure out that this is a problem?

Dads are sharing more parenting responsibilities than ever before. And the number of single-parent and stay-at-home dads is higher than it has been in decades.In fact, according to a fact sheet issued by the Pew Research Center in June 2017, the dads they surveyed are spending —on average—more than seven hours a week directly involved in child care.That's triple what it was in 1965, according to Pew.

This is not the first time politicians have tried to equal the playing field when it comes to diaper duty. In October 2016, then-President Barack Obama signed H.R. 5147 (also known as the "BABIES act") into law. It requires changing stations in all restrooms (yes, men's too) located in publicly accessible federal buildings.

Philanthropy |  Mum creates toilet-themed advent calendar to prove we need better disabled toilets

Recently, one mum Sarah in London is creating an advent calendar with a difference this December to tackle the stigma around all things toilet-related, in hopes of raising awareness of the lack of toilet and changing facilities offered to disabled people.

Sarah was inspired to create the calendar, which sees her pose on her toilet wearing various Christmas-themed outfits, after having struggled to change Hadley in the disabled toilets for years due to inadequate changing facilities. Often she's forced to lie Hadley down on the floor to prepare him for the toilet or to change him and get him re-clothed, which Sarah says is ‘horrendous, undignified, unhygienic and dangerous’.For the past three years, she has been working with Changing Places, a campaign focusing on helping all of those who are unable to use standard accessible toilets.

There are currently only 1,044 specialist toilets in the UK that Hadley can actually use, while there are millions for everyone else. Sarah believes that only real change will come when more pressure is put on businesses to change laws and ensure that Changing Places are mandatory in all large public buildings, particularly anywhere that sells food and drink.


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